Several themes emerge in their work:
First, an emphasis on the informal, and the self built. UTT argues that 21st century architecture represents a stark departure from 19th and 20th century models as cities are already quite built up. That leaves opportunities for open space, transitory projects, etc. It increasingly excludes older ideas of centralized master planning and developer driven development. UTT’s work, therefore, focuses on systems by which people can begin to participate in the construction of their own built environment at multiple scales.
Second, an exploration of the vertical in addressing dense slum conditions and urban neighborhoods. To residents of New York, or Tokyo, the notion of going vertical is a familiar urban concept. However, in many slums/barrios/favelas around the world, builders lack the heavy equipment or capital to arrange their neighborhoods in a such a way. In the twentieth century, Modernist ideas of organizing low income neighborhoods in vertical towers proved to be a general failure. Thus UTT’s work looks at verticality in a new light – one in which residents are the organizers of their space, and that those space remain open to constant modification. Verticality becomes a tool of the community to create new spaces, open up space for new businesses, new recreational facilities, etc.
Since 2007, Brillembourg and Klumpner have taught at Columbia University, where they founded the Sustainable Living Urban Model Laboratory (S.L.U.M. Lab), and since July 2010, they hold the chair for Architecture and Urban Design at the Swiss Institute of Technology, ETH in Zurich.
Their work across the globe, both in practice and in teaching, has provoked significant questions about how we see informal communities and the strategies available to foster safe, sane development.
We had a chance to have an amazing two part discussion with Alfredo and Hubert on our podcast, Social Design Insights. Listen to the episodes here: